(See Irving Chernev’s “The Most Instructive Chess Games Ever Played”, game #2, from which this example is taken.)
1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 g6 6. f4 Nc6 7. Nxc6 bxe6 8. e5 Nd7 9. exd6 exd6 10. Be3 Be7 11. Qf3 d5 12. O-O-O Bf6 13. Bd4
Proper development includes disrupting your opponent’s pieces as well. You can’t just develop without thinking about what your opponent might do. You must dispute control, as Mikhail Tal does here, of every file, rank and diagonal.
13…O-O 14. h4. White is threatening to push the h-pawn. 14…Rb8. Black pounces on the open-file; of course, he can’t take White’s pawn with his bishop as White could then trap his bishop.
15. Qf2 Rb4 16. Bxf6. White doesn’t want to grab the free pawn, as that would be too dangerous. 16…Nxf6 17. a3. Again, White doesn’t want to snatch the a7 pawn with his queen. 17…Qb6 18. Qxb6 Rxb6 19. Na4!
A powerful move, even though the night moves to the side. Tal has two objectives in mind: first, to fix Black’s center pawns, so that they can’t advance, and second, to dominate his opponent’s weak black squares.
19…Rb7 20. Bd3 Na4 21. Rhf1 Re7 22. f5!
A brilliant positional exchange. Tal disrupts his opponent’s pawn structure on the king side while also leaves Black’s White squared bishop hemmed in. Though White loses a pawn, in return he saddles Black with isolated pawns, doubled pawns, poor kingside pawn structure, and a bad bishop!
22…gxf5 23. Rfe1!
Another excellent positional move. Tal is a pawn behind, but he still exchanges pieces. Otherwise, Black would have gained control of open e-file by doubling his rooks.
23…Rfe8 24. Rxe7 Rxe7
Before reading the continuation, pause and think about how you would continue if you were White. I’m willing to bet that no reader will discover the correct plan.
The beginning of a remarkable king-tour. The king is headed to the queen side, where it will terrorize the pawns.
25…Ng3 26. Kc3 f4. Black finally lets his bishop into the game. 27. Kd4. White’s king adheres to dark squares only. 27…Bf5.
As he is a pawn ahead, Black naturally wants to exchange bishops. He also hopes to take White’s bishop, followed by …Re3+ and …Re2, thereby obtaining the seventh rank.
28. Rd2 Re6. Black heads for the h-pawn. 29. Nc5 Rh6 30. Ke5! Bxd3 31. cxd3 Rxh4 32. Kd6 Rh6+ 33. Kc7
Though White is down two pawns, he is effectively a king ahead!
33…Nf5 34. Kb7 Nd4
The knight now guards c6, freeing up the rook to play …Rh2 followed by …f3.
35. Rf2 a5 36. Rxf4 Ne6 37. Rg4+ Kf8
If Black tries to exchange Rooks, White’s queenside majority can produce, well, a queen.
38. Kxc6! Nxc5+ 39. Kxc5 Re6 40. Kxd5 Rb6 41. b4 axb4 42. axb4 Ke7 43. Kc5 Rf6 44. Rd4. An important principle in any end-game is to cut off the opposing king; Tal demonstrates excellent technique. 44…Rf5+ 45. Kb6 Rf6+ 46. Kc7 Rf5 47. Re4+ Kf6 48. Kc6 Rf2 49. g4 h5
Black sacrifices one pawn to make the other into a passed pawn.
50. gxh5 Kg5 51. b5 f5 52. Rb4 f4 53. b6 f3 54. b7 Resigns
Though after 54…Rc2+ Black will queen his pawn, White will queen his own pawn first and checkmate the Black king before Black can stir up any counterplay.