Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) is described as an ongoing pattern of behavior displayed by a child toward a person in charge that is uncooperative by the website, Web MD. It is also a type of behavior that is described as being defiant, hostile and annoying. This behavior is disruptive to all of those who is around the child. This can include those in the family or in a school room. Children who have ODD may also have other behavior disorders and conditions such as learning disabilities, depression, and ADHD.
Symptoms Of ODD Can Include:
There are a variety of symptoms that may indicate that a child is suffering from ODD. These symptoms can include the following:
- · Repeated temper tantrums
- · Refusing to follow rules
- · Annoying others deliberately
- · Blaming other people for mistakes made
- · Frequent bursts of anger
- · Acting in a spiteful manner
- · Using inappropriate language such as swearing
- · Saying mean things
- · Showing signs of low self esteem
- · Acting moody
- · Becoming frustrated easily
- · Abusing drugs and alcohol (this can include older children, teenagers, and adults)
Causes of ODD:
There are some causes that can be linked to one developing ODD. These can include:
- · Injuries to the brain
- · Previous mental illnesses or mental behaviors such as ADHD, learning disorders, or depression.
- · Genetics: If a close family member has ODD, mood disorders, or other anxiety issues a child’s chances of developing ODD is higher.
- · Environmental issues: These issues can include living with a dysfunctional family, living with a family with a history of mental illness or substance abuse.
An estimated two to sixteen percent of all children have ODD. It will normally develop in younger children with children exhibiting symptoms at the age of eight years of age or earlier. It is also a condition that will normally strike boys more than girls; however girls can still acquire ODD, too, especially when it begins in older children.
There are no specific tests to indicate that a person has ODD. There are also no specific lab tests that can be performed that can tell a doctor that a patient is suffering from ODD. One will begin testing for ODD by studying a patient’s complete medical history and conducting a physical exam on the patient. Lab tests are performed to rule out other conditions. A person may also be examined by a psychiatrist, a psychologist, or other trained professional in behavior problems. This trained professional will then study the patient and the patient’s symptoms to diagnose whether he/she is suffering from ODD.
Treatment of ODD will vary. This treatment will vary depending on the person’s age and the severity of his/her symptoms. Treatment may include:
- · Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy is a type of therapy used to help a patient learn how to cope with anger and control.
- · Medication: Medications used to treat other behavior problems can be used to treat ODD. There are no specific drugs for ODD.
Yes, ODD is a real condition. It affects many young children, young adults, and adults. However, it is a condition that may be managed with the help of a professional.