Arab uprising through the peaceful demonstration gets inspired to install the democratic government setup by throwing out the self imposed dictators or family appointed monarch who were ruling them since many decades. But, the outcome of such revolution are deviated from their core objectives due to excess external interferences and bifurcation of people into sects and grouping under conservative and liberal communities that spoil the spirit of entire movement and arise many questions about the efficiency of future alternatives. Costs are being paid by the citizens of these countries in terms of lives and properties lost in hope of change and freedom is much higher than the previous dictatorial rule. After revolution, the puppet administrations are imposed with belongingness to the old regime by toppling the people elected governments accusing their failure. Protest by so called opposition was incited by the old establishments to derail the democracy process like in Egypt and Tunisia. Deposing of first democratic elected civilian president Morsi in Egypt under military coup is not the first of its kind incidence, earlier also elected person in Arab & MENA region thrown out by military coup like Algerian military overthrow the civilian government in 1992; Turkish military in 1997 and Hamas in Palestine by presidential order.
Amid the continue protest camping in Egypt for restoring the Morsi and the warning of interim government to remove their assembling through police or military forces loom the fear of further bloodshed and unrest. Despite of several warnings and interim government request, anti-military rallies haves been continued in Cairo’s Rab’a al-Adaweya Square and Giza’s Nahda Square since 4th July 2013 for reinstating the legitimate president before to begun any reconciliation effort. Deadlock between military and Freedom and Justice Party -Political wing of most organized Arab organization Muslim Brotherhood- supporters has been worsened after a unilateral decision of army by deposing the Morsi, cold bloodshed, freezing of accounts and detention of Muslim Brotherhood and other political parties’ key leaders. Nation is sharply divided on the interference of military in the civilian affairs without taking into account any political consensus that could be feared to enter the country into civil war.
It was already apprehended at the time of framing government by Freedom and Justice Party that challenges for Morsi in post Mubarak era would be determining to exercise all traditional presidential powers, specifically in presence of key bureaucrats and army officials who were appointed during ousted Mubarak tenure and still patronized by strong army. Further, Muslim Brotherhood may be confronted during the implementation of its party ideology into the most liberal and cosmopolitan Egyptian society without due consideration that to run an ideology or organization is entirely different from governing a country. It is true that up to some extent, most of secularist and minority groups were not satisfied with the policies of disposed president which trigger the massive protest against Morsi just after completion of its one year in office. Instead of indulging with controversial issues and confrontation with constitutional organs (Army & Judiciary) Morsi’s government priorities should be in solving the citizen’s core problem relating to economy, security, sanitation, employment and to improvise the better living standard which progress was not much satisfactory . Morsi also failed to include the other group members into his government such as the key moderate and respectable figures among Egyptian like Amr Moussa (Ex. Secretary General of Arab League) and Al-Bardawi (Ex. Director General of IAEA) can be included in his cabinet which provide more acceptability to the government.
It is widely considered that monarchies and military sponsored rulers in Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region are being encouraged and protected by their Western allies to preserve their commercial and political interest, play the pivotal role in formulating of internal as well as external policies. Supporting the Arab uprising in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Syria for establishing the democracy had started to change such notions regarding to West but favoring of military coup and suspension of democracy in Egypt has set backed new approach. Indicating to the importance of external interference – Specifically USA – in Egypt, three high profiled envoys are staying in Cairo to defuse the current crisis. In Egypt itself, USA provide $1.3 billion aid to military directly in lieu of Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty and discarded the cut off demand after military coup. USA has leverage in pacifying of disturbances in MENA region but its continuous backing to military regime in Egypt showing its dual standard. USA extend the diplomatic and financial support to rebellion in Syria against the rule of Assad to initiate the democratic process there while it support military backed interim government in Egypt that is formed after removing of democratic entity. Such dualism in the policies would increase the hatred against USA in the region. Responding of prompt financial aid by Saudi Arabia and UAE governments to the interim regime of Egypt just after toppling the Morsi shows the nexus of western and Arab neighboring countries in conspiring against the democratic governments.
Toppling of elected government by some protest can never be justified as it would increase the anarchy and would complicate the political situation. Ruling entities would reciprocate with similar behavior after removal of their government. Further, revolution would not merely the sudden answer of all problems prevailed in a society in long time, it require gradual multi prolonged strategies transformation to change the old status quo. Morsi administration of course had some failure in economy and inclusiveness due to its engagement and confrontation with other issues but that could not be a reason to depose him. His administration should need to complete the tenure to make a better evaluation. It is being urged by all political forces to abjure violence, exercise restraint, respect democratic principles and the rule of law and engage in a conciliatory dialogue to address the present situation.