John 20:30-31 tells us the express purpose for the writing of the gospel of John. The things placed in John are there as signs to tell us who Christ is, what it means to believe in Christ, and what it means to have life in Christ. John 2:11 tells us that the miracle at Cana was the first of those signs. It seems to me that those things which come first in the Bible are highly significant. John 2:1-10 is a record of the sign which took place at a wedding in Cana of Galilee. This passage delivers several important messages. First of all, I can always expect that I what bring to the relationship with Christ will not be sufficient. I will never have enough. I will always run out. I am not the supplier. Christ is the Supplier.
I can also be sure that Christ will show up where He is invited. I ought to remember to include Jesus in everything that I do. I should always invite Him along everywhere that I go. Mary the mother of Jesus gave some marvelous advice that was perfect for the wedding servants but also for me and for you. She said that we ought to do whatever Jesus said to do. I’ve got the down pat in theory. It’s the real life application that I struggle with. The waterpots were filled to the brim with water created by Jesus who created everything. That makes it plain that I add nothing to the supply that Christ supplies. My obedience (doing whatever He says) is all that is needed. Just like in Eden, God has provided it all but He allows us a cooperative part.
Jesus transforming the water into wine shows me that He is the one who gives me new birth, makes me a new creation, causing me to pass from death to life. God formed us; sin deformed us; education informs us; prison might reform us; but only Christ transforms us. After transforming the wine, Christ gave the command to draw some out. Whenever Christ does His transforming work, He will always put that work on display. When He transforms a person, He commands that person to make a public proclamation regarding their conversion. Confessing with the mouth and being baptized puts the new Christian on display for the whole world to see. Verse nine specifically points out that the wedding servants who had done what Jesus said to do knew where the wine had come from. We have strong innate desire to want to be “in the know”. We want to be privy to special information that others are not aware of. That makes us feel special. Amos 3:7 and John 1:15 teach that God reveals things to His friends. If we obey Him, we will know things that others do not. Wine in this passage represents supernatural joy. This joy is better than any previous joy we might have experienced. This joy is the ultimate in satisfaction.
Perhaps lost in the story of redemption found in this miracle, the first of Jesus’ signs is the common grace that Jesus gave to this close-to-being-embarrassed groom. This groom was on the verge of committing a social indiscretion that would have made him a laughingstock to the community. While that is certainly not the main point of the miracle, it does give one more proof of the graciousness of our Savior. The record closes by saying that Jesus manifested His glory and His disciples believed in Him. Manifesting His glory so that people will believe is always His ultimate purpose.